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China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) releases: Ten Highlights of China’s Internet Development during the 12th Five-Year Plan Period
2015/11/05 09:58author:
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The 12th Five-Year Plan period witnessed thriving and fruitful Internet development in China. During that period, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council highly valued Internet development, comprehensively improved information infrastructure, vigorously developed the Internet economy, enriched cyber culture, benefited people’s livelihood, actively modernized the national governance system and capacity, and scored remarkable achievements. Now the CPC Central Committee and the State Council are striving to build the nation into a strong cyberpower. 

1. Overall optimization of the basic environment for Internet development 
China had preliminarily built fast, convenient Internet access. Internet access coverage was extended. There were 407 million fixed broadband access ports, covering all cities and towns and 93.5% of administrative villages in the country. The number of fixed broadband subscribers exceeded 200 million, the biggest in the world, up by 33.7% over the previous period. Internet access was sped up 53.4% of broadband subscribers enjoyed the access rate above 8M, and 19.6% above 20M. International communication was improved. The international bandwidth was 4,118,663 Mbps, 22.75 times of that in the previous period. 

Network infrastructure was diversified and its quality remarkably improved. China made smooth transition to the use of next-generation Internet addresses. The number of IPv4 addresses totaled 330 million, the second biggest in the world, and IPv6 address 19,338/32, 47.2 times of that in the previous period. There were 22.325 million domain names, up by 157.8% over the previous period; there were 12.251 million registered .cn domain names, up by 200% over the previous period, the second biggest among global country code top-level domain names. Chinese top-level domain names were incorporated into the global root domain name system and realized global resolution. There were 3.57 million websites, up by 86.9% over the previous period. 

2. Mobile Internet in full swing 
The 12th Five-Year Plan period witnessed rapid growth of mobile Internet which led the third wave of Internet development in China. The number of mobile broadband (3G/4G) subscribers totaled 674 million, public and home WiFi services were increasingly popularized, and the number of WLAN access points totaled 6,045,000. 

Meanwhile, mobile Internet applications saw leapfrog development and mobile phones took over computers to become the No.1 Internet access terminal in China. A total of 594 million people accessed the Internet via the mobile phone, up by 86.8% over the previous period, and 20.5% more than those via the computer. Applications saw explosive growth, with over four million mainstream app stores. More and more netizens chose to use applications for news, search, social networking, consumption, ticketing and entertainment on the mobile phone. 

3. Increasingly clean cyber space
During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, the cyber space was dominated by positive information. The dramatic increase of such information on the Internet strongly consolidated and supported mainstream public opinions. Government news was on the front page of news portals and made headlines of mobile terminals 24 hours a day. Six media legal persons boasted over 10 million followers on Weibo. Remarkable progress was made in media integration and development. 90% traditional news agencies were present on website, Weibo, WeChat and news client, delivering different contents on different platforms via editing and process reform. 
Negative information on the Internet was reduced greatly. The spread of audios and videos on violence and terrorism, pornography, cyber violence, cyber bullying, and cyber fraud was repressed, so were cyber rumors. The cyber environment was significantly improved on the whole, and people's awareness of cyber security greatly was enhanced. Compared with the 11th Five-Year Plan period, 80.1% of netizens believed that the cyber environment for public opinions was improving, 78% believed that cyber civilization was improving, 85.6% believed that positive information on the Internet was increasing and 90.6% had full confidence in the healthy development of Internet in China. 

4. Internet as an important driving force behind national economic growth 
The 12th Five-Year Plan period also witnessed Internet’s distinctly growing contribution to China’s economic growth, at the world advanced level. The proportion of Internet economy in China’s GDP kept climbing up and reached 7% in 2014, more than that in the United States. 
Meanwhile, China's online retail sales also topped the world. China had 361 million online shoppers, accounting for 55.7% of netizens; online retail sales reached RMB 2,789.8 billion, 2.6 times of that in the previous period, enabling China to take over the United States and become the world’s biggest online retail market. Internet played a positive role in boosting domestic demands. According to the 2015 Survey Report on Online Shoppers in China issued by the National Bureau of Statistics, 22% of new demands were generated by online shopping, 53.7% of online shoppers spent more on consumption, and 48.4% of them would continue to increase the expenditure on online shopping. 
Internet also boosted the rapid growth of industries and markets related to electronic information. The accumulative shipment of smart phones in China was over one billion, generating the sales over RMB two trillion. Mobile data and Internet generated an income of RMB 270.72 billion, with the annual growth of 53.9%. The Internet industry helped prosper the data center market. The investment in the IT industry totaled RMB one trillion, boosting the market growth of servers, memory and infrastructure. 

5. Chinese Internet companies advancing by leaps and bounds into world top companies 
During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, the market value of Chinese Internet companies exploded. China had 328 Internet-related listed companies, 61 listed in the United States, 209 in Shanghai and Shenzhen, and 55 in Hong Kong, with the combined market value of RMB 7.85 trillion, accounting for 25.6% the total value of China’s stock market. Among them, Alibaba, Tencent, Baidu and jd.com were listed among the top 10 Internet companies in the world, and non-listed companies such as Huawei, Ant Financial and Xiaomi were among the world’s top 20 Internet companies. 

6. Internet development helping improve people’s livelihood 
During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, Internet development brought tremendous convenience to people's daily life, including clothing, food, accommodation and travel. As to Internet finance, there were 307 million online banking customers, up by 120% over the previous period; 359 million people made payment online, up by 162% over the previous period. As to dining reservation, there were 176 million customers of group purchase, 8.4 times of the total in the previous period. As to tourism and travel, 230 million people booked their flight tickets, hotels, train tickets and holiday products online, 5.3 times of the total in the previous period. Mainstream taxi applications could receive over 10 million orders on peak days. Internet wealth management products generated over RMB 100 billion for their customers, and integrated online and offline services enhanced the customer experience and consumption quality. 
Internet development also simplified public service procedures and promoted resource equalization. "Local Service" on WeChat accessed 27 Chinese citities, covered 150 million users, and provided 16 online services for traffic control, transport, public security, household registration, import & export, payment, education and housing provident fund. Online public services eased the burden on the general public, administrative organs and road traffic to certain extent, and benefited more people with transparent and equalized Internet-based services. 

7. Cyber culture in full bloom 
The 12th Five-Year Plan period saw diversified types of cyber products that were growing in number and reached new record highs again and again. Online video, music, literature and games attracted 481 million users, an increase of 100 million over the previous period. Specifically online videos attracted 460 million viewers, up by 60% over the previous period; online music, 479 million listeners, up by 33%; online literature, 280 million readers, up by 50%; and online games, 380 million, up by 26%. The cyber culture industry was worth of RMB 150 billion, up by 200% over the previous year. Specifically the online literature market was worth RMB 8.8 billion, 13 times of that in the previous period, and the original literary works published online outnumbered the contemporary literary works published on paper media in the past half century. The online music market was worth RMB 9.8 billion, a 2.5-fold increase over the previous period. The online video market was worth RMB 24 billion, a 3.3-fold increase, and attracted over 100 billion views. The online game market was worth of RMB 110.8 billion, a 1.4-fold increase. In particular the export of online games independently developed by Chinese companies generated the revenue of RMB 20 billion, growing by nearly 10 folds over the previous period. 
8. Internet helping modernize the national governance system and capacity 
During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, Internet accelerated the building of "sunshine government". Internet became an important platform for government information disclosure, and 78.1% of government information was made public online, an increase of 32.4% over the previous period. Mobile applications for government affairs saw soaring development. Instant messaging and social networking applications were applied to provide information services for government affairs, and promote economic and social development. There were nearly 280,000 Weibo accounts dedicated to government affairs and over 100,000 WeChat public accounts to government affairs. Weibo, WeChat and news client formed a new mode of government information disclosure. 

In the meantime , Internet pushed forward the building of "service-oriented government". Public services were available on 96% of government affairs websites, covering nearly all the services for individuals and corporate clients. Full services for 73.3% of the service items were available online, up by 40.7% over the previous period. 
Internet also promoted the building of "the government under law". The "Policies & Regulations" column was opened on 92% of government affairs websites, to publicize legal knowledge and more efforts were made in interpreting policies and regulations. In 2014, public opinions were solicited for the drafts of seven laws, 15 administrative regulations and 108 departmental rules, and a total of over 120,000 entries were received. 

9. Rapid progress in legislation for cyber affairs 
During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, legislation for cyber affairs sped up noticeably. The government formulated 76 laws, regulations and normative documents related to Internet, up by 262% over the previous period. In particular since the formation of the Central Leading Group for Cyberspace Affairs, it had issued and put into effect 47 laws and regulations concerning Internet, accounting for 62% of laws and regulations issued during the 12th Five-Year Plan period, marking remarkable acceleration of legislation for cyber affairs. 
In the meantime, law enforcement for cyber content management proved effective. From 2014, over 20 campaigns including “Clean Cyber Space 2014”, “Sword Network 2014”, “Crack down on Fake Base Stations”, “Elimination of Online Audios and Videos on Violence and Terrorism”, “Clean Popup”, and administering mobile instant messaging tools were launched successively to correct cyber chaos and regulate cyber behaviors. 
The government also actively guided netizens to respect and abide by law, foster strong sense of security, be a civilized netizen, and command necessary protective skills. 

10. Increasingly deepening international Internet exchange and cooperation 
During the 12th Five-Year Plan period, China vigorously reinforced international exchange and cooperation in the Internet field, actively participated in global Internet governance, proposed “China’s ideas” for the first time, and significantly enhanced China’s say and influence in the international community. In July 2014, in his address to the National Congress of Brazil, Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed for the first time to jointly create a peaceful, safe, open and collaborative cyber space and establish a multilateral, democratic and transparent international Internet governance system, which was widely echoed in the international community. The Chinese government made full use of bilateral Internet exchange platforms with the United States, the United Kingdom and the Republic of Korea, strengthened communication and cooperation and advanced mutual trust and cooperation. It also gave play to its advantages as the host, actively built platforms for international Internet exchange, and hosted for the first time the World Internet Conference, China-ASEAN Cyberspace Forum, and the Online Silk Road Forum of China-Arab States Expo to serve national strategies including the Belt and Road initiative. By actively participating in international Internet organizations, China gained a bigger say in developing international rules. Zhao Houlin was elected Secretary General of International Telecommunication Union (ITU) and Ma Yun the Chairman of Global Internet Governance Alliance. What’s more, China was also active in international organizations including the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) to contribute to international Internet governance. 

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