The Internet Timeline of China 2004~2006
2012/09/04 11:10author:
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184. On January 12, 2004, the three nations’ project (China-US-Russia) - “Global Ring Network for Advanced Applications Development” (GLORIAD) was accomplished. GLORIAD was funded and constructed by CAS, the National Science Foundation (US) and Russia Ministry and Science Group Alliance. GLORIAD will support the three countries even the global advanced scientific and educational applications. Computer Network Information Center of CAS, National Supercomputing Application Center of Illinois University and Kolchatov Institute of Russia.


185. On January 15, 2004, CNNIC published the 13th “Statistical Survey Report on the Internet Development of China”. By the end of December 31, 2003, there were approximately 30.89 million computer hosts, 79.50 million Internet users in China; 340,040 names were registered under .CN domain. China had about 595,550 WWW website, and 27,216Mbps of international bandwidth.


186. From February 3 to 18, 2004, Sina, Sohu and Netease successively revealed their financial results in 2003. They reported annual profits of US$114 million, US$89 million and US$80 million respectively in 2003, achieving for the first time full-year profitability of the three firms.


187. On March 4, 2004, Linktone Ltd., a provider of entertainment-oriented wireless value-added services to mobile phone users in China, announced its listing on the NASDAQ Stock Market in New York. Linktone has become the first firm specialized in SP (Service Provider) in China to have accomplished initial public offering (IPO). Afterwards, Tom Online, Shanda, Tencent, KongZhong Corporate, 51job, China Finance Online, eLong, Hurray! And The9 were successively listed on overseas stock market, indicating the second overseas IPO tide of Chinese Internet firms.


188. On April 1, 2004, the State Council Informatization Office issued “Survey Report on Quantities of China Internet Information Resources, 2003” in Beijing. By the end of December 31, 2003, the total number of domain names in China had reached 1,187,380. China had had 311,864,590 web pages and 169,867 online databases.


189. On April 14, 2004, IETF formally issued RFC 3743 with the title of “Joint Engineering Team (JET) Guidelines for Internationalized Domain Names (IDN) Registration and Administration for Chinese, Japanese, and Korean”, which was submitted by CNNIC, together with JPNIC and KRNIC. This is the second IETF RFC document participated and instituted by Chinese engineers ever in the history. RFC 3743 is focused on realizing equivalent conversion and transition of different forms (traditional/simplified/variant) of Chinese characters when using as IDN identifiers.


190. Created by the Internet News & Information Service Working Committee (INISWC) of the Internet Society of China, the website of was launched in Beijing on June 10, 2004. The website was named the “Illegal and Inappropriate Information Report Center", providing a channel for the public to report suspected illegal or offensive Internet activity and material, and to maintain public interests. The opening of the website is another essential step to strengthen self-discipline and public supervision of the Internet industry.


191. On July 16, 2004, a national teleconference on the crackdown against porn websites was held, marking the launch of a nationwide campaign against porn sites. On the next day, the Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee and some other 13 governmental organizations jointly published a notice to launch a nationwide crackdown project against pornographic websites according to the laws.


192. On July 21, 2004, the China Next Generation Internet (CNGI) Project Experts Committee was established by National Development and Reform Commission and other seven central government departments.


193. On August 28, 2004, the Law on Electronic Signature was passed on the eleventh meeting of the Standing Committee of the 10th National People's Congress (NPC). The law will take effects on April 1, 2005. The launch of the law was a notable step toward the legislation of informatization in China. It will also greatly facilitate and better ensure the process of e-government and e-commerce in China.


194. On September 6, 2004, China's Supreme People's Court and Supreme People's Procuratorate jointly issued a new judicial interpretation for criminal cases concerning the production, duplication, publication, sale and dissemination of pornographic material via the Internet, mobile communications terminals and fixed-line telephone networks.


195. New “Measures for Administration of Internet Domain Names of China” were promulgated on November 11, 2004 as Decree No. 30 of the Ministry of Information Industry of the People’s Republic of China. These measures will take effects on December 20, 2004.


196. On November 29, 2004, the Internet Trust and Self-discipline Alliance, co-established by Internet companies Sina, Sohu and Netease, proclaimed self-disciplinary regulations for China's Internet wireless service providers (SPs), representing the continued and serious efforts put into the self-discipline of the Internet wireless SPs in China.


197. On December 23, 2004, the IPv6 address of China's Country Code Top Level Domain (ccTLD) name server was successfully registered in global domain name root server, marking that the upgraded .CN name server has connected to the IPv6 network and is capable of providing .CN domain name resolution services for IPv6 environment. China’s .CN domain name system has into IPv6 Era.


198. On December 25, 2004, one of the first backbone networks of China Next-Generation Internet (CNGI), CERNET2, was launched and going into formal operation.

199. On December 29, 2004, the Unified Network Platform (UNINET) by China Unicom won the first prize of the Science and Technology Award offered by China Institute of Communications. UNINET has realized a network on a unified platform, simultaneously providing voice, data, video, Internet, video conference, video telephone or CDMA 1X mobile data services.


200. On January 17, 2005,CNNIC published the 15th “Statistical Survey Report on the Internet Development in China”. By the end of December 31, 2003, there were approximately 41,600,000 computer hosts and 94,000,000 Internet users in China;432,077 names were registered under .CN ccTLD. China had about 668,900 WWW websites, and 74,429 Mbps of international bandwidth. On June 30, Chinese Internet users broke through 100 million for the first time, attained 103,000,000, broadband users exceeded half of the Internet users for the first time.


201. On January 28, 2005, the Network Copyright Alliance of Self-Discipline Steering Committee of the Internet Society of China (ISC) was established in Beijing, the alliance aims at strengthening the self-discipline of the Internet industry, impelling it to healthy and orderly development.


202. On February 8, 2005, Ministry of Information Industry (MII) issued “Administration Rules for Making Files of Non-profit Internet Information Services”. According to the rule, MII jointly with some other 13 Ministries — namely Chinese Central Propaganda Department, the News Office of the State Council, Ministry of Education, Ministry of Public Security and etc., — launched the centralized website for filing projects all over the nation. This project would establish three basic databases of ICP information, IP address information and domain name information for filing information of ICPs, and laying a foundation for strengthening the administration of the Internet.


203. On February 8, 2005, Ministry of Information Industry (MII) issued “Administrative Rules for Electronic Authentication Services”. It was implemented simultaneously with “Electronic Signature Law”, and laid the foundation for the development of China’s electronic authentication service industry.

204. At the end of April, 2005, Shanghai Television Station, subordinated to Shanghai Media Group (SMG) obtained the approval from The State Administration of Radio Film and Television (SARFT) to broadcast audio and video programs to TV sets and portable facilities over IP networks. It was the first IPTV license that the SARFT had issued.


205. On August 5, 2005, BaiDu Co.Ltd went IPO on NASDAQ. With the original offering price at USD 27 per share, in the first transaction day, it had a gap at USD 66 then peaked to USD 151.21, and closed at USD 122.54. It recorded the highest first day growth rate of 354% among all IPOs on NASDAQ since the year of the Internet Bubble in year 2000.


206. On August 11, 2005, Yahoo China announced to exchange 40% of’s stock and 35% of the voting rights for 1 billion US dollars and all its assets, and transferred all business operations of Yahoo China to This was the first case for a global Internet giant giving all of its China’s business to a local company.


207. On September 11, 2005, the News Office of the State Council and Ministry of Information Industry jointly issued “Regulations for Administering the Internet News and Information Services” and the regulation came into effect on the same day.


208. On November 7, 2005, Beijing Olympic Organizing Committee announced that became the Internet content service sponsor of Beijing 2008 Olympic Games. For the first time, the Internet content service is set to be one of the sponsored items in the history of Olympic Games.


209. On November 3, 2005, Premier Wen Jiabao presides over the fifth meeting of the State Informatization Leading Group. The meeting reviewed and approved “The National Informatization Development Strategy (2006-2020)”. It was considered that developing and implementing the strategy was an important deployment of conformance to the world’s trend of informatization, and an important movement to achieve the goal of developing the economy and the society in the new stage.


210. On November 17, 2005, “Science Museums of China” and “Tianfu Agricultural Information Network” attained “World Information Summit Award” of “The World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS)” in Tunis phase, it is the first time for China’s website to attain such a great international award.


211. On December 31, 2005, .CN domain name registration exceeded one million for the first time, attained 1,096,924, which ranked first among all ccTLDs in Asia and sixth in the world.


212. In the year 2005, Blogers and attached concept of Web2.0 promoted tremendous development of China's Internet. The emerging concept of Web2.0 marked the beginning of a new evolution stage of new media on the Internet. As it was widely used, there also emerged a series of socialized applications such as Blog, RSS, WIKI, SNS friend-making network and so on.


213. On January 1st, 2006, website of the Central People’s Government of the People’s Republic of China ( formally launched. This website is a composite platform for the State Council and its departments, along with people’s governments of each province, autonomous region and municipality to release information of governmental affairs on the Internet and provide online services.


214. On January 17th, CNNIC issued “the 17th Statistical Survey Report on the Internet Development in China” in Beijing. The report shows that till Dec. 31st, 2005, China has had about 45,900,000 computers on the Internet, about 111,000,000 Internet users, 1,096,924 registered CN domain names, and about 694,200 websites.The international network bandwidth of China is 136,106 Mbps by then.


215. On February 21st, 2006, Ministry of Information Industry (MII) started a series of activities of “Sunshine Green Network Campaign”, including: Clean Electronic Waste, Enjoy Clean Network Space; Regulate Illegal and Malfeasances Information, Promote Green Mobile-Phone Culture; Fight Illegal Online Service, Introduce Green Online Behaviors.


216. On March 19th, 2006, the National Informatization Leading Group issued the General Frame of National Electronic Government Information, set the requirements and targets for establishing the general frame of national electronic government information, described the form of the general frame of national electronic government information, and pointed out the value-orientation and development direction of national electronic government information for the next stage.


217. On March 30th, 2006, the Management Methods for Internet Email Service issued by MII began to take into effect.


218. In June 2006, MII decided to initiate the targeted movement of regulating and standardizing the rates and charging behavior of mobile information service nationwide. On Sep 14th, MII issued “the Notice on Regulating Rates and Charging Behavior of Mobile Information Service”. During September to November, provincial communication management bureaus found out and punished at least 245 illegal mobile value-added service providers. As a result, the profits of the listing mobile value-added service providers in 2006 decreased a lot. 


219. In June 2006, Xiang Wenbo published article titled “Xuzhou Construction Machinery Group Co., Ltd.(XCMG) Acquisition: a beautiful lie” on his weblog along with two other related articles to reveal the event of Carlyle Group's buying Xuzhou Construction Machinery Group Co., Ltd.. The articles arose great reverberation. The price for Carlyle Group to buy XCMG was downed from 375 million USD for 85% shares to 233 million USD for 45% shares. It highlighted the influence of small mass spreading. Investigation Report of China Blogs in 2006 issued by CNNIC shows that till August 2006, blog authors have increased to 17,485,000.


220. On July 1st, 2006, the Regulations on the Protection of the Right of Communication through Information Network approved in the 135th standing conference of the State Council began to take into effect.


221. On July 18th, 2006, the award of 16th “Chinese Journalism Prize” held by All-China Journalists’ Association was revealed. Network news articleswere in the prize competition for the first time. Thirteen network news articles were awarded prizes.


222. On September 23rd, 2006, the “Core Network (CNGI-CERNET2/6IX) of the Model Network of Chinese Next Generation Internet (CNGI) Project” built by the network center of China Education and Research Network (CERNET) and other 25 universities such as Tsinghua University was formally accepted by the country.


223. On October 13th, 2006, the International Engineering Task Force (IETF) formally issued the Registration and Administration Recommendation for Chinese Domain Names as RFC4713. The standard was mainly constituted by CNNIC.


224. On October 26th, 2006, Internet Society of China set up the “Anti-Malicious Software Collaborative Working Group”.


225. On November 16th, 2006, the “Golden Shied Project”, a project for establishing national police affairs information management system, formally obtained the national completion acceptance in Beijing.


226. On December 18th, 2006, six ISPs include China Telecom, China Netcom, Chunghwa Telecom, Korea Telecom, and Verizon of US announced in Beijing that they will jointly to build the Trans-Pacific Fiber Cable System. 


227. On the night of December 26th, 2006, 7.2 (Richter Scale) earthquake occurred in south Taiwan, China, which broke 11 optical-fiber submarine cables, including China-US submarine cable, Asia-Pacific No.1 submarine cable, Asia-Pacific No.2 submarine cable, FLAG submarine cable, Asia-Euro submarine cable and FNAL submarine cable. This caused a large area of Internet from China Mainland to Taiwan, North America, Europe and Southeast Asia paralyzed, and access many oversea websites are obstructed.


228. In the end of 2006, a virus called “Nimaya” broke out. Millions of computers were affected and damaged. The investigation shows that: 90% of the new viruses in 2006, showed evident characteristics of for profits. The purpose of virus producers veered from showing off their techniques to pursuing illegal profits. 

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